High Cholesterol Levels Responsible for Heart Attack and Stroke
Cholesterol is a fatty and waxy substance that is produced by the liver. It belongs to the family of saturated fat substances called lipids. Too much of saturated fats in your diet may contribute to high blood cholesterol. Most saturated fats come from animal products such as butter, cheese, chocolate, whole milk, pies, pastries, cakes, hot chips, potatoes and hash browns.
In some individuals, high cholesterol levels can be due to genetic disorder. Too much cholesterol in your blood will start building up in the artery walls, causing narrowing of the arteries. This increases your risk of developing heart or brain attack(stroke).
Whatever the cause of your high levels of cholesterol is, it is very important that you make efforts to lower your cholesterol levels by changing your lifestyle:
~ Follow a heart healthy dietary pattern.
~ lose some weight if you are overweight.
~ Be active by doing moderate physical exercises for at least 30 minutes daily.
~ Avoid excessive alcohol consumption.
~ Avoid foods prepared with butter, hydrogenated oil, coconut or palm oil.
~ Avoid white meat fats, chicken skin or processed meats and chicken.
~ Have more servings of dried peas, beans, soy products, oats, whole grains and high-fibre cereals.
If your cholesterol level is too high, your doctor may put you on medication for a short time or for life. If that is the case, you should have your cholesterol levels checked every three months until it is controlled and then every six months.
In normal circumstances, cholesterol is very important as it helps our bodies to function properly. Cholesterol and other fats are also called lipids and each of these has a different function:
=> The High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL)often called the “good” cholesterol because it helps to remove cholesterol from the artery walls, thereby reducing your risk of heart disease.
=> The Low-Density Lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL) often called “bad” cholesterol because it deposits cholesterol into the artery wall, increasing your risk of heart disease or heart attack.
=> The Triglycerides are the most common form of fat in the body. They act as energy storage tanks of the body. High levels of triglycerides cause many diseases in the body, including heart disease and stroke.
To know your lipid profile, visit you doctor and he or she will perform a fasting blood test. An ideal profiles is as follows:
Total cholesterol(TC) less than 4mmol/L
LDL cholesterol less than 2.5 mmol/L
HDL cholesterol greater than 1mmol/L
TC/HDL ratio less than 4.5
Triglycerides less than 1.7 mmol/L
Individuals who have had heart surgery such as venous coronary bypass grafting(CABG) should maintain their total cholesterol level below 3.5 mmol/L and Low-Density Lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) at less than 2.0 mmol/L.
It is your responsibility to discuss your target cholesterol level with you health provider to reduce risks of heart attack or brain attack(stroke).
To avoid being a victim of heart attack, change your life style and remain health. Develop good eating habits, keep fit and enjoy life.
Off Pump Heart Surgery
Another new age surgery developed to make heart surgeries simpler. Normally prior to this system, we had the bypass surgery of the heart which was considered as a very dangerous surgery. To give hope and assurance to the patients, this new form has developed. Take a look
About Heart Surgeries in the Past
Over the years, the number of patients with heart disorders has increased and the medical world is facing a very big issue of solving those cases. Also the number of increasing heart disorders had put the doctors in a fix. Also the severity of the cases was another issue that was difficult to sort out. All these confusions made the medical world search for a proper medicine to cure these diseases. This led to the invention of the Coronary Bypass surgery to cure diseases. This surgery was thought as one of the best methods to cure problems of the heart. This turned the entire world’s attitude of no proper medication for heart disorders.
Also this was thought that it is one of the best treatments for patients with heart disorders. This opened up the door for a new age of medicine. However the effects were not long lasting. This surgery was seen as a good method, but it failed most of the times and put the life of the patient in severe trouble. A general fear among the patients was set up that this surgery is not the one to choose from and this led to severe pressure among the medical specialists. This opened up a new subject called Off Pump Heart Surgery.
Off Pump Heart Surgery:
The Off Pump Heart Surgery is the newest development in the medical field to treat diseases of the heart. Also this opened the doors of confidence in the medical world to treat heart disorders. The first merit that this surgery has is the fact that the usage of a heart lung machine can be completely avoided, where the patient’s heart is an artificial one. Also the risks involved in the Bypass surgery are completely negated and there are high chances of survival and that too living well.
If we take a close look on the merits of going for these surgeries, we get to know the following. The need for the transfusion of blood can be greatly reduced and hence there will be no threats of life to the patient. Also the chances of stroke and kidney failure are completely negated. Also there will be no another immediate problems to the patient Also the patient can expect to get better and can reduce on the hospital costs as well. A wonderful gateway has just opened for patients worldwide!!!
TREATMENT OF STROKE
Anticoagulant drugs are widely used in the treatment of strokes due to thromboses or emboli but are contraindicated when due to hemorrhage.
Intensive in-hospital care, drugs, surgery and rehabilitation are all accepted ways to treat stroke. When a neck artery has become partially blocked, surgery might be used to remove the buildup of atherosclerotic plaque. This is called carotid endarterectomy.
Cerebral angioplasty is a new, experimental technique. Balloons, stents and coils are used to treat some types of cerebral vascular problems. Its widespread use will require further study of safety and effectiveness. Drugs may be used when a blood vessel is in the process of getting blocked by blood clots. They can help prevent new clots from forming or prevent an existing clot from getting bigger.
Sometimes treating a stroke means treating the heart, because various forms of heart disease can contribute to the risk of stroke. For example, damaged heart valves may need to be surgically treated or treated with anti-clotting drugs to reduce the chance of clots forming around them. If clots form, there’s a chance they could get detached and travel to the brain and cause a stroke.
Stop Heavy Diet to Prevent Heart Disease and Stroke
Mainly gender and age are the influences of heart disease and stroke. There are a variety of heart diseases that can affect your heart mainly when you get old. Amongst the very common ones is the heart attack. Stroke occurs when brain dysfunctions slowly, due to lack of blood supply to it.
Be Precocious In Your Actions
Every action that you do today may cause an adverse effect or a good one to your heart. You have to be precocious to keep your actions in such a way that it prevents heart disease and stroke in the future. In a recent survey, Men are more attacked by heart disease than women are, as the latter just pour out their hard feeling by crying or sharing with others that men don’t do. A man keeps all his worries inside his heart and does not let it flow through tears. So, he is more prone to heart attack or stroke.
Common Cause For Heart Disease
The main reason for heart disease is the increase in cholesterol level. When the cholesterol level increases, it may cause a block in blood flow which eventually results in heart attack. It is advised to avoid rich fat foods like butter, but the actual culprit in creating heart attack is food, which is rich in sugar. People, who have excessive weight, are more prone to heart attack. So, a person should mainly take care of the diet to prevent heart attack and stroke.
Proper Diet Avoids Heart Disease & Stroke
Diet is one thing, which a person has to maintain, in order to prevent heart disease and stroke. To prevent heart disease from getting worsening, you need to follow a strict and healthy diet. First of all, realise the major risk factors of heart disease. Fluctuation in blood pressure level, cholesterol level, diabetes, smoking and alcohol consumption may cause heart problems.
Role of Fruits, Fresh Vegetables and Fish
Like the proverb “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”, there are certain things that you have to follow in order to prevent certain diseases. Most important thing is avoid too much of sugar, red meat, fat and too much of salt. Try taking loads of Low Glycemic Fruits and fresh vegetables. This is the most preferred diet. One more thing, which prevents heart attack, is fish. Adding too much of ordinary oil while cooking can harm your health. So, try cooking with Olive Oil, which has got no harm.
Have Proper Intake of Fiber and Water Intake
We should have a good digestive system to get rid of these diseases. The only possible way is to have proper diet on fiber and water intake. Eight glasses of water is prescribed for a person to be healthy. Natural foods, which are rich in folic acid like spinach, orange juice and leafy vegetables are prescribed by most doctors. Again, you can also opt for natural foods, which are rich in Magnesium like beets, dates and soya beans. To avoid stroke, you can have grains, rye, cooking herbs, turmeric, ginger, shallots, sweet potatoes and tofu.
Never be addicted to tobacco and alcohol, which may surely lead to heart attack and stroke. Control your diet by taking limited amount of salt, sugar and foods with high fat. With such a routine, you’ll notice the difference in a very short period.
Heart Failure – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments
Congestive heart failure (CHF), congestive cardiac failure (CCF) or just heart failure, is a condition that can result from any structural or functional cardiac disorder that impairs the ability of the heart to fill with blood or pump a sufficient amount of blood through the body. It is not to be confused with “cessation of heartbeat”, which is known as asystole, or with cardiac arrest, which is the cessation of normal cardiac function with subsequent hemodynamic collapse leading to death. Because not all patients have volume overload at the time of initial or subsequent evaluation, the term “heart failure” (ICD-9 428.9) is preferred over the older term “congestive heart failure”.
What causes heart failure?
Heart failure has many different causes. Sometimes the exact cause can’t be found. The most common causes of heart failure are listed below:
Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the blood vessels to the heart)
Problems with the heart muscle itself (known as cardiomyopathy)
High blood pressure (also known as hypertension)
Any disorder that directly affects the heart can lead to heart failure, as can some disorders that indirectly affect the heart. Some disorders cause heart failure quickly; others do so only after many years. Some disorders cause systolic dysfunction, others cause diastolic dysfunction, and some disorders, such as high blood pressure and some heart valve disorders, can cause both types of dysfunction.
Symptoms of Heart Failure
Many symptoms of heart failure result from the congestion that develops as fluid backs up into the lungs and leaks into the tissues. Other symptoms result from inadequate delivery of oxygen-rich blood to the body’s tissues. Since heart failure can progress rapidly, it is essential to consult a doctor immediately if any of the following symptoms are detected.
Heart failure on the left
Heart failure on the left side can also make you breathless. This can happen at any time but often happens when you are active or laying in bed. During the night you may feel the need to sit up in bed or even to get some fresh air.
Blood “backs up” in the pulmonary veins (the vessels that return blood from the lungs to the heart) because the heart can’t keep up with the supply. This causes fluid to leak into the lungs.
To make matters worse, any or several of these conditions may coexist along with congestive heart failure.
Heart Failure Treatment
If you have heart failure, your doctor will monitor you closely. This means having follow up appointments at least every 3 to 6 months, figuring out any underlying cause and treating it, and periodic testing of your heart function. For example, an ultrasound of your heart, called an echocardiogram, will be done once in awhile to give an estimate of how well your heart is pumping blood with each stroke or beat.
These modifications often improve or control some of the factors contributing to heart failure. For example, people with heart failure will see an improvement if they:
Modify daily activities and get enough rest to avoid stressing the heart.
Eat a heart-healthy diet that is low in sodium and fat.
Don’t smoke and avoid exposure to second-hand smoke.
Angiotensin II (A-II) receptor blockers (ARBs). These drugs, which include losartan (Cozaar) and valsartan (Diovan), have many of the beneficial effects of ACE inhibitors, but they don’t cause a persistent cough. They may be an alternative for people who can’t tolerate ACE inhibitors.
Green Tea Prevents the Risk of Heart Diseases and Stroke
The reason why natural remedies are becoming immensely important to researchers is that they have far much greater power in terms offering solutions to health problems than modern medicine. This has made studies on these natural medicines a very busy sector. More researchers are now looking into the health benefits of these natural remedies including teas which are associated with so many health benefits.
Some of these health benefits have the most intrinsic value you cannot imagine. Wu Yi grebe tea in fact is like the major remedy for your long term health. Drinking this tea daily is indeed your health insurance from some serious diseases and conditions. Wu Yi is associated with among other health attributes, fat oxidation. Fat oxidation is a process which is triggered by some chemicals in Wu Yi green tea known as flavonoids. This tea has two major health benefits which have immensely impressed researchers.
Wu Yi helps your body from heart diseases and stroke. Drinking this tea in fact reduces your risk of contracting or falling sick with a heart disease or related ailments. The tea protects you from heart attacks and cancer. This tea is also very beneficial to your body for it offers you immunity from strokes.
Chemicals like flavonoid and polyphenols are associated with great health attributes. Its these polyphenols that prevent cellular damage to the body. This process helps protect the body from possible health problems. The body is well protected from attacks from conditions like heart diseases, cancer and strokes. Here are quite a lot of health benefits from drinking the Wu Yi green tea. It is advisable to take the tea as a supplement everyday. Several cups a day would gradually transform your life into a long and very healthy one. You will be free of major health problems by taking this product.
Complete Information on Heart Failure
Heart failure is the pathophysiologic state in which the heart. Heart failure, also called congestive heart failure. Heart failure is a progressive disorder in which damage to the heart causes weakening of the cardiovascular system. Heart failure develops over time as the pumping of the heart grows weaker. It can affect the right side of the heart only or both the left and right sides of the heart. Most cases involve both sides of the heart. Heart failure also affects the kidneys’ ability to dispose of sodium and water. The retained water increases the edema. Heart failure may be caused by myocardial failure but may also occur in the presence of near-normal cardiac function under conditions of high demand. Heart failure always causes circulatory failure, but the converse is not necessarily.
Heart failure is a very common condition. About five million people in the United States have heart failure, and it results in about 300,000 deaths each year. Heart failure is caused by various other conditions, such as heart disease, and is most common in those over 65. Heart failure can either be acute (suddenly starts) or chronic (long-term). In chronic heart failure, the main symptom is breathlessness, which may occur during mild physical activity or even when at rest. Other symptoms of chronic heart failure include tiredness and the build up of fluid in the tissues (oedema), particularly the lungs. The ankles swell and the liver becomes enlarged. In severe cases a large amount of fluid builds up within the tummy. Acute heart failure occurs when the heart suddenly stops working properly.
Heart failure treatment includes medicines, and heart transplantation. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors drugs help people with heart failure live longer and feel better. ACE inhibitors also gruff some of the effects of hormones that promote salt and water retention. ACE inhibitors can cause an irritating cough in some people. AIIRA work in a similar way to ACE inhibitors but tend to be used in people who have side effects from ACE inhibitors Digoxin (Lanoxin) also referred to as digitalis, increases the strength of your heart muscle contractions. Digoxin reduces heart failure symptoms and improves your ability to live with the condition.
Heart pumps mechanical devices, called left ventricular assist devices (LVADs), are implanted into the abdomen and attached to a weakened heart to help it pump.
Heart Failure Treatment and Prevention Tips :
1. Don’t smoke.
2. Stay active.
3. Limit salt and sodium intake.
4. Lose weight if you are overweight.
5. Get enough rest, including after exercise, eating, or other activities.
6. Don’t cook with salt or add salt to what you are eating.
7. Avoid foods that are naturally high in sodium, like anchovies, meats etc.
8. Use oil and vinegar, rather than bottled dressings, on salads.
9. Eat fresh fruit or sorbet when having dessert.
10 Beta-blockers is particularly useful for those with a history of coronary artery disease
Chest Pains – Sign of Heart Failure?
Is ongoing chest pain a sign of heart failure that the doctor might miss?
Possible Reasons for Ongoing Chest Pains
Chest pains are often, but not always heart related. The nerves flowing from the spinal column can echo pain, making us think one part of the body hurts when the problem is actually in another part. Once we are convinced that chest pains relate to the heart, it can be difficult to find the true source of the problem. Physicians are frequently faced with this dilemma. The chest pain is not “all in your head”. It is real pain. It may not relate to the heart, however, no matter how much your head tells you it does.
We do not have space here to list every cause of chest pain, but we can give examples. Assuming you have already undergone physical examination for your chest pains, consider the following. You will want to discuss your chest pain with a qualified, licensed physician.
* Anxiety: Chest pains often are caused by anxiety. Your body responds to stressors by preparing for fight or flight. However, you do neither. Instead, you continue the anxious state of preparation. Your body continues to pour forth chemicals to help you fight or flee. This process can trigger ongoing chest pain. If this is true in your case, the ongoing chest pain is not a sign of heart failure. It is your body’s warning that you need to reduce anxiety.
* Angina pectoris: Chest pains may indicate blocked arteries. Do you get the chest pains when you engage in physical activities, try to handle emotional stress, or endure extreme temperatures? Do the chest pains feel like pressure under the breastbone? If so, ask your doctor to check for angina.
* Costochondritis: This cause of chest pains is really an inflammation of the joints in your chest. Inflammation where ribs and breastbone connect may cause chest pain along the edges of your breastbone. Your pain may get worse when you cough or take a deep breath. An anti-inflammatory medicine or heat may relieve the pain. This problem usually goes away on its own. Ask your doctor about it.
* Periconditis: Chest pains may also be caused by another type of inflammation – inflammation of the heart lining.
* Musculoskeletal: Ongoing chest pain may be a matter of muscle strain. Perhaps you twisted or lifted in such a way as to pull a chest muscle. This type of ongoing chest pain hurts when you touch the chest.
* Gall Bladder: A gall bladder attack can cause excruciating chest pain. This can stop and start many times. It is related to eating, however, and not to the heart.
* Acid reflux: A common cause of ongoing chest pain is acid reflux, GERD, or heartburn. This feels like the heart is in pain. It can come and go frequently. Ask your doctor if your ongoing chest pain may be related to your digestive system.
Make the Connection
Is your ongoing chest pain a sign of heart failure? It might be – if you have other symptoms of heart failure. Do you have trouble breathing? Do you become uncomfortable when lying flat because you feel short of breath? Are your legs and arms swollen with excess fluid? Have you gained weight from water retention? Do you feel like you have indigestion, and you would rather not eat because of it?
With your ongoing chest pain, do you feel tired, weak, and not able to do the physical things you usually do? Are you restless and confused? Does it seem that your attention span has grown shorter and your memory is failing?
These are some, but not all, of the symptoms that accompany chest pain if you are experiencing heart failure.
Your doctor will probably be able to make a tentative diagnosis of heart failure if you have swelling and are short of breath. He or she will listen to your chest, tap the chest, and even take a chest X-ray. If your doctor suspects heart failure, other tests will be ordered.
Many therapies can help ease your heart’s workload. If your chest pains are caused by heart failure, your physician can help.
Robotic Heart Surgery
Computer has overtaken man long back and that is evident in the way the medical world is functioning. Robots have taken over from man’s knowledge and they themselves now carry out a heart surgery which is known for its perfection. But are we risking the life of the patient lives? Take a look.
About the Procedure:
The procedure may look complex but it is not as complex as it looks like and is done with greater confidence in this ever growing medical field. You may call it a big achievement but is it really is the big question that is raised. Well these robots cannot carry out all the surgery and can only carry out those ones associated with the Anterior Descending Coronary Artery. Although not many surgeries have been carried out, still many doctors regard this as a breakthrough in the way the surgeries are carried out. Many doctors call them revolutionizing the entire surgery process which once looked very difficult. In fact these surgeries have received an overwhelming response as many say that this process can lead to a potential non human intervention in case of Robotic Heart surgeries. They are mainly carried out for patients with health disorders like Arrhythmia and other heart disorders.
Although if we take a look at how the surgery has shaped, we get to know that not all the surgeries carried out by the robots have been successful and there have been some loss of lives as well. Anyway we will take a look on that aspect at the later part and concentrate on this robotic heart surgery which has created new waves in the medical field.
Pros and Cons:
Well with a new technology, normally people find a lot of pros and cons and that is the case with this one as well. Yes the advantages include a very specific surgery with complete precision and a very correct surgery that cannot be associated with any human surgery. Also since the surgery is very correct, the patient can expect to attain very good health and money can be saved as well.
If we look on what the cons are, then you find many here unfortunately. The efficiency and the safety of the patient after the surgery is still a major concern and has been the biggest flaw of this surgery. Also the expenses of the surgery are very high which puts a heavy strain on these surgeries being carried out. So many doctors say that this surgery may not be a success and it will take time for it to settle down.
The Final Verdict:
The final verdict is clear that the surgery has many advantages and disadvantages. So the surgery has to be carefully monitored for flaws and then only considered as the doctors cannot risk the patient lives. So as of now this procedure will be under test and who knows we may well see this procedure being famous one day.
Normal Fetal Heart Rate
Ever wondered about a child’s heart rate when it is there in its mother womb? A child’s heart rate inside the mother is one of the fascinating things to learn as it differs from the heart rates of normal adults! Let us take a close look.
Heart of the matter:
Doctors all over the world have studied the heart rate in adults and have diagnosed diseases. Also heart beat rate can correspond to various states of excitation like in the case of the athletes. Also heart beat rates can be measured for fetuses as well. For this purpose there is a special instrument available today named Cardiotocograph. It is also called as the electronic fetal monitor which can measure the heart beat rate of fetuses quiet accurately. They measure by making use of contractions and the relaxations inside the mother’s womb.
Also using this machine, uterine contractions can also be measured. The child’s heart beat rate measured using this instrument has been at the end of criticism for a long time as well. This is mainly attributed to the fact that child’s heart beat rate was never measured accurately, though the machine claimed exact figures. Also such usage did not go well with many as they thought it was a risk with the pregnancy.
There are some good and interesting facts about Fetal Heart Rate as well. The fact that the fetal heart rate is generally faster than the normal healthy heart rate of adults and infants is quiet amazing. Also the doctors generally say that younger the fetus more is the heart beat rate. This is mainly attributed to the fact that the fetus just starts to grow and during growth processes, the heart beat rate goes up. This is natural though, say many medical experts.
Also it is said that during the mid and the last stages of pregnancy, the heart beat can be heard almost everywhere along the uterus. So it becomes easy for the Cadiotocograph to measure the heart beat rates. Likewise for adults, the heart beat rate corresponds to some of the cardiac problems of the fetus. Though the problems of the fetus cannot be immediately treated, still it can be diagnosed and treated after the pregnancy. Also the fetal heart rate in the first three months of the pregnancy can only be heard using an ultrasound machine.
The other interesting fact is the Uterine Souffle which is nothing but the irregular heart beat rates found in different arteries of the fetus’s body. Also there is one more myth that in the past the fetal heart rate was used to determine the gender of the fetus, though there is no solid proof to support this conception.